Austrian intellectual tradition in European philosophy
 
Австрийская интеллектуальная традиция в европейской философии

 

From the Editor (17.07.2006):
Actual Philosophy in Lviv has announced its participation in celebrations back 2004 when we posted the photographed essay about Ivan Franko's Estate Museum in Lviv. We can proudly say now that the reference link and parts of our text were included to the English version of article on Ivan Franko in Wikipedia Encyclopaedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivan_Franko). Today the material is available again at our site. There are feverish renovation works linked to the Autumn celebrations of the writer's birthday still being held in Musem, and, as we were told by its authorities on July 14, 2006, "it will be still going on for a long time". Hence, our essay seems to be the only opportunity to get inside for now.

 

One Day in Ivan Franko's House in Lviv

Photographed Essay of 30 May 2004 from the Lviv Museum of Ivan Franko

 

As a part of the Annual Ivan Franko Memorial Days in Lviv (27 May - 6 June 2004) the day of Sunday, 30 May 2004, was set as the Open Doors' Day in Lviv Museum of the great Ukrainian poet, writer, literary criticist and social thinker Ivan Franko. Everyone could come to see for free the interior of the last shelter of a great person where Ivan Franko spent the last 14 years, probably, the most difficult years of his life. This is not to say that you cannot visit museum on any other day. You simply do not need to pay on the Open Doors' Day.

 

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The house itself was bought in share by Ukrainian community ashamed by the fact that a prominent person like him does not have a place of his own. Here he slipped away at 4 pm on 28 May 1916 having no one of his big family at his side. He was dying in an extreme poverty and people who came to pay their last tribute saw him lying on the table covered with nothing but a ragged sheet. Other people share the cost of a suit to bury him. This tragic scene prompted Heinrich Wigeleiser of the Academic Gimnasium to tell his Ukrainian students: "Go and see him lying - as poor as the entire your nation is. You did not prize him when he was alive and you do not prize him now, when he is dead".
These words were cruel, but - alas! - quite true. Ivan Franko has been definetely an independent person, a person of conviction and therefore - an unconvenient one. He was an unconvenient person for Austrian authorities when he was first arrested by misunderstanding, charged with the propaganda of socialist ideas and jailed; surely, this prompted him to pay every effort to learn the socialist ideology. He was an unconvenient person for his fellow Ukrainians at Lviv University when they did not allow him to defend his doctorate being scared of possible consequences for supporting politically unreliable writer and social activist; instead he went to Vienna and successfully received his PhD from Vienna University.

 

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He became unconvenient for his family when being allegedly ill with syphilis (in fact, it was the unknown at times Reiter's disease), suffering immense pains, he declined a proposal to move to Kiev hence leaving his mentally sick wife Olga who was struck by the death of one of their's son alone in Lviv.
Yes, these days have gone. Now the very University that threw him out bears his name (Ivan Franko National University of Lviv), there is a street and a square of his name, there is a huge monument in front of the University and his portrait is being put on the Ukrainian banknote of 20 hryvnas. His works were published twice in large collections (20-volume edition of 1950s and 50-volume edition of 1980s). There are governmental and local organising committees to celebrate his 150 anniversary in 2006 and just the University programme of celebrations enlists some 4 pages. And yet...

 

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As a part of the Annual Ivan Franko Memorial Days in Lviv the day of Sunday, 30 May 2004, was set as the Open Doors' Day in Lviv Museum of Ivan Franko. It is not a mistake, just a reminder. Everyone could come to see for free the interior of the last shelter of a great person where Ivan Franko spent the last 14 years, probably, the most difficult years of his life. Here he slipped away at 4 pm on 28 May 1916 having no one of his big family at his side.
You see, everyone could come, but there were only THREE visitors this day. The first one was a reporter from Lviv "Vysoky Zamok" newspaper who was obliged to write an article. The second one was a little bit strange person who dropped in by chance - he actually was on his way home from a church - oh, yes, it was the day of Trinity holiday, one of the most important religious holidays of Ukrainian Christians. The thirds and virtually last (it was almost closed) where us... Couple of days later I asked myself: how many visitors come to the Museum on usual days?...
Yevgeny Brazul-Bruszkowski
In preparing the material we used information presented by the Director of Ivan Franko Museum in Lviv, Mr Roman Horak at the Ivan Franko seminar (Institute for Ivan Franko Studies of the Ivan Franko Lviv National University, Lviv, Universytetska 1) on 27 May 2004. We also would like to express our admiration for Mr Roman Horak's dedication to the figure of Ivan Franko through the years.
© All photos of this page by Yevgeny Brazul-Bruszkowski were made on the day mentioned, 30 May 2004.
     
 
ALSO READ AND WATCH:  
ТАКЖЕ ЧИТАЙТЕ И СМОТРИТЕ:
Jubilee! Ivan Franko's 150 Anniversary on 27th August 2006!
Юбилей! 27 августа 2006 года - 150-годовщина со дня рождения Ивана Франко!!
     
Actual Franko: An Invitation  
Актуальный Франко: введение
(Who Ivan Franko was and why we've got engaged in)  
(Кто такой Иван Франко и почему мы занялись этим)
 
Selected papers by Ivan Franko  
Избранные работы Ивана Франко
(in original Ukrainian language with pagination according to printed texts)  
(на украинском языке с постраничной пагинацией)
"What Progress Is?", "What Do We Want?",
"Social Action, Social Issue and Socialism",
"Science and Its Relation Towards the Working Classes"
 
"Что такое погресс?", "Чего мы хотим?", "Социальное действие, социальный вопрос и социализм", "Наука и ее отношение к рабочим классам"
 
Ivan Franko and Austrian Philosophy  
Иван Франко и австрийская философия
(by Yevgeny Brazul-Bruszkowski )  
(Евгений Бразуль-Брушковский)
...For many reasons, there's a good ground to believe that Ivan Franko in his social views was much more immersed in intellectual tradition of Austrian enlightenment, with its strong accent upon the role of science and education for upbringing of society, rather than in Eastern Ukrainian movements of populism or commuitarianism both ignoring scientific and educational issues altogether as irrelevant to the national revival.
...По многим причинам существуют веские основания считать, что Иван Франко в своих социальных взглядах был гораздо больше включен в интеллектуальную традицию Австрийского просвещения, с его акцентом на роли науки и образования для формирования и развития общества, чем в восточноукраинские движения народничества или общинности (громадівства), игнорировавших научные и образовательные вопросы как безотносительные к национальному возрождению.
(in preparation)  
(готовится)

 

 

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© Actual Philosophy in Lviv, 2002-2006
Editor and Web-designer / Редактор и веб-мастер: Yevgeny Brazul-Bruszkowski
E-mail: apuage ((( at ))) yahoo.com

Created / Создано: 20.06.2006
Last modified / Последняя модификация: 23.07.2006
URL: http://www.is.lviv.ua/~cathyway/franko_museum.htm